Ipratropium Bromide (Nebuliser Solution)
Ipratropium Nebuliser Solution is indicated as a bronchodilator for maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Ipratropium Bromide is a quaternary ammonium compound with anticholinergic properties. It appears to inhibit vagal reflexes by antagonising the action of acetylcholine (the transmitter agent released from the vagus nerve). Anticholinergics prevent the increase in intracellular concentration of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cyclic GMP) caused by interaction of acetylcholine with the muscarinic receptor on bronchial smooth muscle.
Dosage & Administration
Children over 3 years: The usual dose is 0.4-2.0 ml Ipratropium Bromide Solution (100-500 micrograms) up to three times daily.
Adults (including elderly and adolescents) over 12 years of age: The usual dose is 0.4-2.0 ml Ipratropium Bromide Solution (100-500 micrograms) up to four times daily.
Ipratropium Bromide solution should not be taken by patients with known hypersensitivity to atropine or its derivatives or to any other component of the product.
Allergic-type reactions such as skin rash, angio-oedema of the tongue, lips and face, urticaria (including giant urticaria), laryngospasm and anaphylactic reactions have been reported, with positive rechallenge in some cases.
Pregnancy & Lactation
The safety of Ipratropium Bromide during human pregnancy has not been established. The benefits of using Ipratropium Bromide during a confirmed or suspected pregnancy must be weighed against possible hazards to the unborn child. It is not known whether Ipratropium Bromide is excreted into breast milk.
Precautions & Warnings
Ipratropium Bromide should be used with caution in patients predisposed to narrow-angle glaucoma, or with prostatic hyperplasia or bladder-neck obstruction.
Should be stored in cool and dry place
- Type Inhaler
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