Oxyphenonium is indicated in Gastro-intestinal spasm and hypermotility, cardiospasm, esophagospasm, gastroduodenitis, spastic constipation, pylorospasm, peptic ulcer, spasm associated with carcinoma. Pain and spasm of the biliary tract. Pain and spasm of the urinary tract.
Oxyphenonium is an anticholinergic drug, a medication that reduces the effect of acetylcholine, a chemical released from nerves that stimulates muscles, by blocking the receptors for acetylcholine on smooth muscle (a type of muscle). It also has a direct relaxing effect on smooth muscle. Oxyphenonium is used to treat or prevent spasm in the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract in the irritable bowel syndrome. In addition, Oxyphenonium inhibits gastrointestinal propulsive motility and decreases gastric acid secretion and controls excessive pharyngeal, tracheal and bronchial secretions.
Dosage & Administration
Average adult dosage is 10 mg (2 tablets) 4 times daily for several days. Dosage may be reduced depending on patient's response or as directed by the physician.
Reduced gastric motility interferes with absorption of other drugs. Effects potentiated by other antimuscarinics including amantadine, some antihistamines, phenothiazines and TCA.
Glaucoma, obstructive uropathy (for example, bladder neck obstruction due to prospective hypertrophy), obstructive disease of the gastrointestinal tract (as in achalasia, paralytic ileus, pyloroduodenal stenosis, etc.), intestinal atony of the elderly or debilitated patient, unstable cardiovascular status in acute hemorrhage, severe ulcerative colitis, toxic megacolon, complicating ulcerative colitis, myasthenia gravis, hypersensitivity.
Common side effects are dryness of mouth, headache, palpitations, etc.
Pregnancy & Lactation
Either studies in animals have revealed adverse effects on the foetus (teratogenic or embryocidal or other) and there are no controlled studies in women or studies in women and animals are not available. Drugs should be given only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the foetus.
Precautions & Warnings
Children; elderly; benign prostatic hyperplasia; acute MI, cardiac failure, hypertension, thyrotoxicosis; pregnancy and lactation; fever; angle-closure glaucoma.
Treatment is the same as for atropine overdosage.
Anticholinergics (antimuscarinics)/ Anti-spasmodics
Keep below 30°C temperature, away from light & moisture. Keep out of the reach of children.
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