Rheumatic Disorders: Psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, acute and subacute bursitis, acute nonspecific tenosynovitis, acute gouty arthritis, post-traumatic osteoarthritis.
Endocrine Disorders: Primary or secondary adrenocortical insufficiency, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, nonsuppurative thyroiditis, hypercalcemia associated with cancer.
Dermatologic Diseases: Pemphigus, bullous dermatitis herpetiformis, severe erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, severe psoriasis.
Allergic States: Seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, serum sickness, drug hypersensitivity reactions.
Respiratory Diseases: Symptomatic sarcoidosis, berylliosis, fulminating, aspiration pneumonitis.
Hematologic Disorders: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, secondary thrombocytopenia, acquired (autoimmune) hemolytic anemia, erythroblastopenia (RBC anemia).
Edematous States: To induce a diuresis or remission of proteinuria in the nephrotic syndrome, without uremia, of the idiopathic type or that due to lupus erythematosus.
Gastrointestinal Diseases: Ulcerative colitis, regional enteritis.
Prednisolone is a synthetic adrenocortical drug with predominantly glucocorticoid properties. Prednisolone directly inhibits the action of the Phospholipase A2 enzyme which is responsible for the production of different inflammatory mediators like Leukotrienes, SRS-A, Prostaglandins etc. Prednisolone is rapidly and well absorbed from the Gl tract following oral administration. Prednisolone is 70- 90% protein-bound in the plasma and it is eliminated from the plasma with a half-life of 2 to 4 hours. It is metabolized mainly in the liver and excreted in the urine.
Dosage & Administration
- Initial: 2 mg/kg/day (maximum 80 mg/day) in divided doses 3 to 4 times/day until urine is protein free for 3 consecutive days (maximum: 28 days); followed by 1 to 1.5 mg/kg/dose given every other day for 4 weeks.
- Maintenance dose: 0.5 to 1 mg/kg/ dose given every other day for 3 to 6 months.
Anti-inflammatory: 5 to 60 mg per day in divided doses 1 to 4 times/day.
Acute Asthma: 40-60 mg/day PO in single daily dose or divided q12 hr for 3-10 days.
- Day 1: 10 mg PO before breakfast, 5 mg after lunch and after dinner, and 10 mg at bedtime.
- Day 2: 5 mg PO before breakfast, after lunch, and after dinner and 10 mg at bedtime.
- Day 3: 5 mg PO before breakfast, after lunch, after dinner, and at bedtime.
- Day 4: 5 mg PO before breakfast, after lunch, and at bedtime.
- Day 5: 5 mg PO before breakfast and at bedtime.
- Day 6: 5 mg PO before breakfast.
- 1 year: Acute: 10 mg orally every 12 hours. Maintenance: 10 mg orally every other day.
- 1 to 4 years: Acute: 20 mg orally every 12 hours. Maintenance: 20 mg orally every other day.
- 5 to 12 years: Acute: 30 mg orally every 12 hours. Maintenance: 30 mg orally every other day.
- 12 years: Acute: 40 mg orally every 12 hours. Maintenance: 40 mg orally every other day.
Anti-inflammatory: 0.05 to 2 mg/kg/day divided 1 to 4 times/day.
Immunosuppression: 0.05 to 2 mg/kg/day divided 1 to 4 times/day.
The efficacy of prednisolone is reduced by Aminoglutethimide, Antacids, Barbiturates, Carbamazepine, Griseofulvin, Mitotane, Phenylbutazone, Phenytoin, Primidone and Rifampin. Prednisolone reduces the amount of potassium in the blood. Digitalis can cause Cardiac arrhythmias if hypokalemia occurs. Immunization should be done very carefully.
Systemic infections unless specific anti-infective therapy is employed. Hypersensitivity to any ingredient. Ocular herpes simplex because of possible perforation.
Common side effects include increased appetite, indigestion, nervousness or restlessness. Less frequent or rare side effects are darkening or lightening of skin color, dizziness or lightheadedness, flushing of face or cheeks, hiccups, increased sweating, the sensation of spinning.
Pregnancy & Lactation
This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless considered essential by your doctor. It should only be used if the expected benefit to the mother is greater than any possible risk to the foetus. Corticosteroids appear in breast milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production or cause other unwanted effects.
Precautions & Warnings
Precaution has to be taken in diabetes, hypertension, Psychological disturbances, osteoporosis, post-menopausal women, pregnancy and in chronic nephritis. Long-term use of Prednisolone can cause Cushing's habitus, hyperglycemia, muscular weakness, increased susceptibility to infection, delayed wound healing, and psychiatric disturbances.
Adverse effects related to prednisone normally develop only after prolonged use of doses in excess of the normal physiological requirement. Treatment is symptomatic and where possible the prednisone dose should be reduced gradually.
Store in a cool and dry place, protected from light. Keep out of the reach of the children.
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